The Crusaders agreed to become Alexios' vassals under the Treaty of Devol in 1108, which marked the end of the Norman threat during Alexios' reign.. Maurice's treaty with his new brother-in-law enlarged the territories of the Empire to the East and allowed the energetic Emperor to focus on the Balkans. Women whose activities involved trading of their bodies also included mime artists, performers on flute, and singers at weddings or banquets.
The Empire of Trebizond, which had split away from the Byzantine Empire just weeks before Constantinople was taken by the Crusaders in 1204, became the last remnant and last de facto successor state to the Byzantine Empire. In 740 a major Byzantine victory took place at the Battle of Akroinon where the Byzantines destroyed the Umayyad army once again. Tucker, Spencer C. 2011. Although Tiberius' general, Maurice, led an effective campaign on the eastern frontier, subsidies failed to restrain the Avars.  This victory restored the Danube frontier, which had not been held since the days of the Emperor Heraclius. , Between 1021 and 1022, following years of tensions, Basil II led a series of victorious campaigns against the Kingdom of Georgia, resulting in the annexation of several Georgian provinces to the Empire.  Additionally, Latin remained a minority language in the Empire, mainly on the Italian peninsula and along the Dalmatian coast, eventually developing into various Romance languages like Dalmatian.  However, he still did not have enough manpower to recover the lost territories in Asia Minor and to advance against the Seljuks.
It played a crucial role in the Empire's victory over the Umayyad Caliphate during the Siege of Constantinople (717–718). In this case, historians refer to the relevant statements of Michael Psellos, Kekaumenos and Michael Attaleiates. The cuisine still relied heavily on the Greco-Roman fish-sauce condiment garos, but it also contained foods still familiar today, such as the cured meat pastirma (known as "paston" in Byzantine Greek), baklava (known as koptoplakous κοπτοπλακοῦς), tiropita (known as plakountas tetyromenous or tyritas plakountas), and the famed medieval sweet wines (Commandaria and the eponymous Rumney wine).
Constantinople operated as a prime hub in a trading network that at various times extended across nearly all of Eurasia and North Africa, in particular as the primary western terminus of the famous Silk Road. Decker, Michael J. 3 , The accession of Basil I to the throne in 867 marks the beginning of the Macedonian dynasty, which would rule for the next two and a half centuries.  They also brought with them classical learning and texts on botany, medicine and zoology, as well as the works of Dioscorides and John Philoponus' criticism of Aristotelian physics..  In 1142, John returned to press his claims to Antioch, but he died in the spring of 1143 following a hunting accident.  However, it was not until the mid-19th century that the term came into general use in the Western world.  The stated intent of the crusade was to conquer Egypt, now the centre of Muslim power in the Levant. The response in Western Europe was overwhelming. He was driven from power in 695, and took shelter first with the Khazars and then with the Bulgarians. In an effort to demonstrate the Emperor's role as the leader of the Christian world, John marched into the Holy Land at the head of the combined forces of the Empire and the Crusader states; yet despite his great vigour pressing the campaign, his hopes were disappointed by the treachery of his Crusader allies.  Despite a desperate last-ditch defence of the city by the massively outnumbered Christian forces (c. 7,000 men, 2,000 of whom were foreign), Constantinople finally fell to the Ottomans after a two-month siege on 29 May 1453. p. 42.  On the more important eastern front, the Empire rebuilt its defences and went on the offensive.
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